Chemical composition of free tropospheric aerosol for PM1 and coarse mode at the high alpine site JungfraujochReportar como inadecuado

Chemical composition of free tropospheric aerosol for PM1 and coarse mode at the high alpine site Jungfraujoch - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

1 Laboratory for Atmospheric Chemistry 2 School of Earth 3 TROPOS - Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research 4 Empa 5 Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss 6 IPA - Institute for Atmospheric Physics

Abstract : The chemical composition of submicron fine mode and supermicron coarse mode aerosol particles has been investigated since 1999 within the GAW aerosol monitoring program at the high alpine research station Jungfraujoch 3580 m a.s.l., Switzerland. Clear seasonality was observed for all major components in the last 9 years with low concentrations in winter predominantly free tropospheric aerosol and higher concentrations in summer enhanced vertical transport of boundary layer pollutants. In addition, mass closure was attempted during intensive experiments in March 2004, February?March 2005 and August 2005. Ionic, carbonaceous and refractory components of the aerosol were quantified as well as the PM1 and coarse mode total aerosol mass concentrations. A relatively low conversion factor of 1.8 for organic carbon OC to particulate organic matter OM in winter February?March 2005 was found. Organics, sulfate, ammonium, and nitrate were the major identified components of the fine aerosol fraction, while calcium and nitrate were the two major measured components in the coarse mode. The aerosol mass concentrations for fine and coarse mode aerosol during the intensive campaigns were not typical of the long term seasonality due largely to dynamical differences. Average fine and coarse mode concentrations during the intensive field campaigns were 1.7 ?g m?3 and 2.4 ?g m?3 in winter and 2.5 ?g m?3 and 2.0 ?g m?3 in summer, respectively. The mass balance of aerosols showed higher contributions of calcium and nitrate in the coarse mode during Saharan dust events SDE than without SDE.

Autor: J. Cozic - B. Verheggen - E. Weingartner - J. Crosier - K. Bower - M. Flynn - H. Coe - S. Henning - M. Steinbacher - M. Collaud C



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