SIMPOL.1: A simple group contribution method for predicting vapor pressures and enthalpies of vaporization of multifunctional organic compoundsReportar como inadecuado




SIMPOL.1: A simple group contribution method for predicting vapor pressures and enthalpies of vaporization of multifunctional organic compounds - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

1 Department of Environmental and Biomolecular Systems 2 Air-Sea Interaction and Remote Sensing Department

Abstract : The SIMPOL.1 group contribution method is developed for predicting the liquid vapor pressure pLo atm and enthalpy of vaporization ?Hvap kJ mol-1 of organic compounds as functions of temperature T. For each compound i, the method assumes log10pL,ioT=?k?k,ibkT where ?k,i is the number of groups of type k, and bkT is the contribution to log10 pL,ioT by each group of type k. A zeroeth group is included that uses b0T with ?0,i=1 for all i. A total of 30 structural groups are considered: molecular carbon, alkyl hydroxyl, aromatic hydroxyl, alkyl ether, alkyl ring ether, aromatic ether, aldehyde, ketone, carboxylic acid, ester, nitrate, nitro, alkyl amine primary, secondary, and tertiary, aromatic amine, amide primary, secondary, and tertiary, peroxide, hydroperoxide, peroxy acid, C=C, carbonylperoxynitrate, nitro-phenol, nitro-ester, aromatic rings, non-aromatic rings, C=C?C=O in a non-aromatic ring, and carbon on the acid-side of an amide. The T dependence in each of the bkT is assumed to follow bT=B1-T+B2+B3T+B4lnT. Values of the B coefficients are fit using an initial basis set of 272 compounds for which experimentally based functions pL,io=fiT are available. The range of vapor pressure considered spans fourteen orders of magnitude. The ability of the initially fitted B coefficients to predict pLo values is examined using a test set of 161 compounds and a T range that is as wide as 273.15 to 393.15 K for some compounds. ?FIT is defined as the average over all points of the absolute value of the difference between experimental and predicted values of log10pL,ioT. After consideration of ?FIT for the test set, the initial basis set and test set compounds are combined, and the B coefficients re-optimized. For all compounds and temperatures, ?FIT=0.34: on average, pL,ioT values are predicted to within a factor of 2. Because dlog10pL,ioT-d1-T is related to the enthalpy of vaporization ?Hvap,i, the fitted B provide predictions of ?Hvap,i based on structure.





Autor: J. F. Pankow - W. E. Asher -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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