Uncoordinated production of Laminin-5 chains in airways epithelium of allergic asthmaticsReportar como inadecuado




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Respiratory Research

, 6:110

First Online: 22 September 2005Received: 09 February 2005Accepted: 22 September 2005

Abstract

BackgroundLaminins are a group of proteins largely responsible for the anchorage of cells to basement membranes. We hypothesized that altered Laminin chain production in the bronchial mucosa might explain the phenomenon of epithelial cell shedding in asthma. The aim was to characterize the presence of Laminin chains in the SEBM and epithelium in allergic and non-allergic asthmatics.

Patients and methodsBiopsies were taken from the bronchi of 11 patients with allergic and 9 patients with non-allergic asthma and from 7 controls and stained with antibodies against the Laminin ln chains alpha1-alpha5, beta1-beta2 and gamma1-gamma2.

ResultsLns-2,-5 and -10 were the main Laminins of SEBM. The layer of ln-10 was thicker in the two asthmatic groups while an increased thickness of lns-2 and -5 was only seen in allergic asthmatics. The ln gamma2-chain, which is only found in ln 5, was exclusively expressed in epithelial cells in association with epithelial injury and in the columnar epithelium of allergic asthmatics.

ConclusionThe uncoordinated production of chains of ln-5 in allergic asthma could have a bearing on the poor epithelial cell anchorage in these patients.

AbbreviationsAPAAPalkaline phosphate-anti-alkaline phosphatase

BMsbasement membranes

lnLaminin

MabsMouse monoclonal antibodies

SEBMsubepithelial basement membrane

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Autor: Kawa Amin - Christer Janson - Lahja Sevéus - Kaoru Miyazaki - Ismo Virtanen - Per Venge

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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