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1 University of Rostock Germany 2 Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Thiruvananthapuram - IISER-TVM INDIA 3 Donghua University Shanghai 4 Universidade de São Paulo - USP BRAZIL 5 CIRIMAT - Centre interuniversitaire de recherche et d-ingenierie des matériaux

Abstract : The spark plasma sintering SPS, a variant of field-assisted sintering FAST or pulsed electric current sintering PECS, is a novel pressure assisted pulsed electric current sintering process, which utilizes ON-OFF DC pulse energizing. Due to the repeated application of an ON-OFF DC pulse voltage and current flow between powder particles, the spark discharges and the Joule heating local high temperature state are therefore dispersed to the overall specimen.The SPS process is based on the electrical spark discharge phenomenon and is a high efficient, energy saving technique with a high heating rate and a short holding time. The problem of rapid grain growth of nanomaterials during conventional sintering can be inhibited to a larger extent by using the SPS technique. The SPS can be used for diverse novel bulk material applications, but it is particularly suitable for the processing of nanomaterials. Despite such anticipated advantages, the optimization of the process window heating rate-temperature-time in SPS process is a challenging task. More importantly, the underlying mechanisms for superfast densification still remains to be explored.

Keywords : Nanomaterials Spark plasma sintering

Autor: Faming Zhang - Bikramjit Basu - Lianjun Wang - Izabel Fernanda Machado - Claude Estournès -



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