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Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials

, 2:9

First Online: 07 November 2003Received: 06 October 2003Accepted: 07 November 2003


BackgroundStreptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of human disease, especially in pre-school children and elderly people, as well as in special risk groups such as asplenic, antibody deficient patients, or presenting disruption of natural barriers. The occurrence of pneumococcal disease has increased with the onset of the HIV epidemic and the emergence of drug-resistance.

Case presentationWe report the case of an HIV-1-infected patient who experienced three episodes of recurrent pneumococcal meningitis over a 4-year period, despite chemoprophylaxis and capsular vaccination.

ConclusionsEfficacy of anti-pneumococcal chemoprophylaxis and vaccination in HIV-infected patients are discussed in the light of this particular case.

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Autor: Philippe C Morand - Veronique Veuillez - Claire Poyart - Eric Abachin - Gilles Quesne - Bertrand Dupont - Patrick Berche -


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