Longitudinal impact of a youth tobacco education programReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Family Practice

, 3:3

First Online: 19 February 2002Received: 31 July 2001Accepted: 19 February 2002

Abstract

BackgroundInformation on the effectiveness of elementary school level, tobacco-use prevention programs is generally limited. This study assessed the impact of a structured, one-time intervention that was designed to modify attitudes and knowledge about tobacco. Participants were fifth-grade students from schools in western New York State.

MethodsTwenty-eight schools, which were in relatively close geographic proximity, were randomized into three groups; Group 1 was used to assess whether attitudes-knowledge were changed in the hypothesized direction by the intervention, and if those changes were retained four months later. Groups 2 and 3, were used as comparison groups to assess possible test-retest bias and historical effects. Groups 1 and 3 were pooled to assess whether attitudes-knowledge were changed by the intervention as measured by an immediate post-test. The non-parametric analytical techniques of Wilcoxon-Matched Pairs-Sign Ranks and the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon Rank Sums Tests were used to compare proportions of correct responses at each of the schools.

ResultsPooled analyses showed that short-term retention on most items was achieved. It was also found that retention on two knowledge items -recognition that smokers have yellow teeth and fingers- and -smoking one pack of cigarettes a day costs several hundred dollars per year- was maintained for four months.

ConclusionsThe findings suggest that inexpensive, one-time interventions for tobacco-use prevention can be of value. Changes in attitudes and knowledge conducive to the goal of tobacco-use prevention can be achieved for short-term retention and some relevant knowledge items can be retained for several months.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2296-3-3 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Martin C Mahoney - Joseph E Bauer - Laurene Tumiel - Sarah McMullen - Jeff Schieder - Denise Pikuzinski

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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