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* Corresponding author 1 IRMA - Institut de Recherche Mathématique Avancée

Abstract : Statistical data is often analyzed as a contingency table, sometimes with empty cells called zeros.
Such sparse tables can be due to scarse observations classified in numerous categories, as for example in genetic association studies.
Thus, classical independence tests involving Pearson-s chi-square statistic Q or Kullback-s minimum discrimination information statistic G cannot be applied because some of the expected frequencies are too small.
More generally, we consider goodness of fit tests with composite hypotheses for sparse multinomial vectors and suggest simple corrections for Q and G that improve and generalize known procedures such as Ku-s.
We show that the corrected statistics share the same asymptotic distribution as the initial statistics.
We produce Monte Carlo estimations for the type I and type II errors on a toy example.
Finally, we apply the corrected statistics to independence tests on epidemiologic and ecological data.


Keywords : Hypothesis testing Goodness of fit Sparse contingency tables Pearson-s statistic Kullback-s statistic





Autor: Audrey Finkler -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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