Cloacal Bacterial Diversity Increases with Multiple Mates: Evidence of Sexual Transmission in Female Common LizardsReportar como inadecuado




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* Corresponding author 1 Ecologie et évolution 2 Evolutionary Ecology Group 3 IUFM Paris - Institut universitaire de formation des maîtres - Paris

Abstract : Sexually transmitted diseases have often been suggested as a potential cost of multiple mating and as playing a major role in the evolution of mating systems. Yet there is little empirical data relating mating strategies to sexually transmitted microorganisms in wild populations. We investigated whether mating behaviour influences the diversity and composition of cloacal assemblages by comparing bacterial communities in the cloaca of monandrous and polyandrous female common lizards Zootoca vivipara sampled after the mating period. We found that polyandrous females harboured more diverse communities and differed more in community composition than did monandrous females. Furthermore, cloacal diversity and variability were found to decrease with age in polyandrous females. Our results suggest that the higher bacterial diversity found in polyandrous females is due to the sexual transmission of bacteria by multiple mates. The impact of mating behaviour on the cloacal microbiota may have fitness consequences for females and may comprise a selective pressure shaping the evolution of mating systems.

Keywords : LACERTA-VIVIPARA MATING SYSTEMS REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS TRANSMITTED DISEASE SELECTION FITNESS BIRDS MICROBIOTA EVOLUTION PATERNITY





Autor: Joël White - Murielle Richard - Manuel Massot - Sandrine Meylan -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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