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* Corresponding author 1 Irset - Institut de recherche, santé, environnement et travail Rennes 2 Veolia Environment Research & Innovation 3 Unité de contrôle infectieux

Abstract : BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess, for the first time, the nature of the indoor air contamination of hospitals. METHODS AND FINDINGS: More than 40 volatile organic compounds VOCs including aliphatic, aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, ethers and terpenes were measured in a teaching hospital in France, from sampling in six sampling sites-reception hall, patient room, nursing care, post-anesthesia care unit, parasitology-mycology laboratory and flexible endoscope disinfection unit-in the morning and in the afternoon, during three consecutive days. Our results showed that the main compounds found in indoor air were alcohols arithmetic means ± SD: 928±958 µg-m³ and 47.9±52.2 µg-m³ for ethanol and isopropanol, respectively, ethers 75.6±157 µg-m³ for ether and ketones 22.6±20.6 µg-m³ for acetone. Concentrations levels of aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, ketones, aldehydes and limonene were widely variable between sampling sites, due to building age and type of products used according to health activities conducted in each site. A high temporal variability was observed in concentrations of alcohols, probably due to the intensive use of alcohol-based hand rubs in all sites. Qualitative analysis of air samples led to the identification of other compounds, including siloxanes hexamethyldisiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, anesthetic gases sevoflurane, desflurane, aliphatic hydrocarbons butane, esters ethylacetate, terpenes camphor, α-bisabolol, aldehydes benzaldehyde and organic acids benzoic acid depending on sites. CONCLUSION: For all compounds, concentrations measured were lower than concentrations known to be harmful in humans. However, results showed that indoor air of sampling locations contains a complex mixture of VOCs. Further multicenter studies are required to compare these results. A full understanding of the exposure of healthcare workers and patients to complex mixtures of chemical compounds can then be related to potential health outcomes.





Autor: Vincent Bessonneau - Luc Mosqueron - Adèle Berrubé - Gaël Mukensturm - Sylvie Buffet-Bataillon - Jean-Pierre Gangneux - Olivie

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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