Waist circumference and obesity-related abnormalities in French and Cameroonian adults: the role of urbanization and ethnicity.Reportar como inadecuado




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* Corresponding author 1 Recherche en épidémiologie et biostatistique 2 Health of Population in Transition Research Group 3 Institute of Health and Society 4 Diabetes and Endocrine Unit 5 The George Institute for International Health 6 HoPiT Research Group Cameroon 7 IRSA - Institut Inter Régional pour la Santé

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of urbanization and ethnicity on correlations between waist circumference WC and obesity-related cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: 1471 rural and urban Cameroonians, and 4185 French, from community-based studies, aged > or =25 years, not treated for hypertension, diabetes and dyslipidemia participated in this study. Slopes of obesity-related abnormalities with WC were compared using an interaction term between place of residence and WC. RESULTS: Women in urban Cameroon and men in France had significantly higher WC and BMI relative to their gender counterparts. Urban Cameroonians had higher abdominal adiposity, but lower BP and better metabolic profile than the French. WC was positively associated to all the obesity-related abnormalities in the three sites except to FPG both genders and blood lipids women in rural Cameroon. A 5 cm larger WC was associated with a higher increment among urban than rural Cameroonians for diastolic blood pressure DBP women, 1.95-0.63 mm Hg; men, 2.56-1.44 mm Hg, HOMA-IR women, 0.11-0.05, fasting plasma glucose FPG men, 0.09-0.01 mmol-l and triglycerides women, 0.06-0.01 mmol-l; men, 0.09-0.03 mmol-l, all P



Autor: Léopold Fezeu - Beverly Balkau - Eugène Sobngwi - André-Pascal Kengne - Sylviane Vol - Pierre Ducimetière - Jean-Claude Mbany

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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