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Leonardo Caixeta ;Dementia & Neuropsychologia 2013, 7 4

Autor: Mariana Ribeiro Hur



Dementia & Neuropsychologia ISSN: 1980-5764 Associação Neurologia Cognitiva e do Comportamento Brasil Ribeiro Hur, Mariana; Caixeta, Leonardo Non-literal language and semantic dementia Dementia & Neuropsychologia, vol.
7, núm.
4, octubre-diciembre, 2013, pp.
424-427 Associação Neurologia Cognitiva e do Comportamento São Paulo, Brasil Available in: How to cite Complete issue More information about this article Journals homepage in Scientific Information System Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal Non-profit academic project, developed under the open access initiative Original Articles Dement Neuropsychol 2013 December;7(4):424-427 Non-literal language and semantic dementia Mariana Ribeiro Hur1, Leonardo Caixeta2 ABSTRACT.
Semantic dementia is characterized by fluent, phonologically adequate speech with various anomias and semantic paraphasias.
Performance on semantic tasks is well documented in these patients, although little is known regarding performance on more complex language tasks, such as those involving non-literal language (interpretation of metaphors and proverbs and recognition of irony).
Objective: To report the investigation of non-literal language in cases of semantic dementia.
Methods: Two cases of semantic dementia were investigated for the presence of deficits in non-literal language abilities using the screening test for Alzheimer’s disease with proverbs, metaphor test and irony test.
Results: Both patients were found to have low performance on the tests applied, particularly for interpretation of proverbs.
Conclusion: This poor performance was attributed largely to the characteristic semantic changes of the disease, but some frontal symptoms inherent to other forms of frontotemporal lobar degeneration were also observed which interfered in the testing, such as negativism, reduced attention span, con...

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