Comparative study of Hippo pathway genes in cellular conveyor belts of a ctenophore and a cnidarianReportar como inadecuado

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* Corresponding author 1 PAE - Phylogénie, Anatomie, Evolution SAE - Systématique, adaptation, évolution, Evolution Paris Seine

Abstract : Background: The Hippo pathway regulates growth rate and organ size in fly and mouse, notably through control of cell proliferation. Molecular interactions at the heart of this pathway are known to have originated in the unicellular ancestry of metazoans. They notably involve a cascade of phosphorylations triggered by the kinase Hippo, with sub‑ sequent nuclear to cytoplasmic shift of Yorkie localisation, preventing its binding to the transcription factor Scalloped, thereby silencing proliferation genes. There are few comparative expression data of Hippo pathway genes in non‑ model animal species and notably none in non‑bilaterian phyla.Results: All core Hippo pathway genes could be retrieved from the ctenophore Pleurobrachia pileus and the hydro‑ zoan cnidarian Clytia hemisphaerica, with the important exception of Yorkie in ctenophore. Expression study of the Hippo, Salvador and Scalloped genes in tentacle - cellular conveyor belts - of these two organisms revealed striking differences. In P. pileus, their transcripts were detected in areas where undifferentiated progenitors intensely prolifer‑ ate and where expression of cyclins B and D was also seen. In C. hemisphaerica, these three genes and Yorkie are expressed not only in the proliferating but also in the differentiation zone of the tentacle bulb and in mature tentacle cells. However, using an antibody designed against the C. hemiphaerica Yorkie protein, we show in two distinct cell lineages of the medusa that Yorkie localisation is predominantly nuclear in areas of active cell proliferation and mainly cytoplasmic elsewhere.Conclusions: This is the first evidence of nucleocytoplasmic Yorkie shift in association with the arrest of cell prolifera‑ tion in a cnidarian, strongly evoking the cell division‑promoting role of this protein and its inhibition by the activated Hippo pathway in bilaterian models. Our results furthermore highlight important differences in terms of deployment and regulation of Hippo pathway genes between cnidarians and ctenophores.

Keywords : Yorkie Hippo pathway Growth Evolution Ctenophora Development Cell proliferation Cnidaria

Autor: Alicia Coste - Muriel Jager - Jean‑philippe Chambon - Michaël Manuel -



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