Personality and all-cause mortality: individual-participant meta-analysis of 3,947 deaths in 76,150 adults.Reportar como inadecuado




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* Corresponding author 1 Department of Psychology 2 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health 3 Centre for Cognitive Ageing and Cognitive Epidemiology, Department of Psychology 4 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health 5 CESP - Centre de recherche en épidémiologie et santé des populations

Abstract : Personality may influence the risk of death, but the evidence remains inconsistent. We examined associations between personality traits of the five-factor model extraversion, neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience and the risk of death from all causes through individual-participant meta-analysis of 76,150 participants from 7 cohorts the British Household Panel Survey, 2006-2009; the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, 2005-2010; the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey, 2006-2010; the US Health and Retirement Study, 2006-2010; the Midlife in the United States Study, 1995-2004; and the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study-s graduate and sibling samples, 1993-2009. During 444,770 person-years at risk, 3,947 participants 54.4% women died mean age at baseline = 50.9 years; mean follow-up = 5.9 years. Only low conscientiousness-reflecting low persistence, poor self-control, and lack of long-term planning-was associated with elevated mortality risk when taking into account age, sex, ethnicity-nationality, and all 5 personality traits. Individuals in the lowest tertile of conscientiousness had a 1.4 times higher risk of death hazard ratio = 1.37, 95% confidence interval: 1.18, 1.58 compared with individuals in the top 2 tertiles. This association remained after further adjustment for health behaviors, marital status, and education. In conclusion, of the higher-order personality traits measured by the five-factor model, only conscientiousness appears to be related to mortality risk across populations.

Keywords : meta-analysis mortality personality psychology survival analysis





Autor: Markus Jokela - G David Batty - Solja Nyberg - Marianna Virtanen - Hermann Nabi - Archana Singh-Manoux - Mika Kivimäki -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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