Exploring nervous system transcriptomes during embryogenesis and metamorphosis in Xenopus tropicalis using EST analysis.Reportar como inadecuado




Exploring nervous system transcriptomes during embryogenesis and metamorphosis in Xenopus tropicalis using EST analysis. - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

* Corresponding author 1 DE - Développement et évolution 2 ERE - Evolution des régulations endocriniennes 3 LPGC - Laboratoire de Physiologie Générale et Comparée 4 SEG - Structure et évolution des génomes 5 UMR 8030 - Génomique métabolique

Abstract : Xenopus tropicalis is an anuran amphibian species used as model in vertebrate comparative genomics. It provides the same advantages as Xenopus laevis but is diploid and has a smaller genome of 1.7 Gbp. Therefore X. tropicalis is more amenable to systematic transcriptome surveys. We initiated a large-scale partial cDNA sequencing project to provide a functional genomics resource on genes expressed in the nervous system during early embryogenesis and metamorphosis in X. tropicalis. A gene index was defined and analysed after the collection of over 48,785 high quality sequences. Partial cDNA sequences were obtained from an embryonic head and retina library 30,272 sequences and from a metamorphic brain and spinal cord library 27,602 sequences. These ESTs are estimated to represent 9,693 transcripts derived from an estimated 6,000 genes. An estimated 46% of these cDNA sequences contain their start codon. Further annotation included Gene Ontology functional classification, InterPro domain analysis, alternative splicing and non-coding RNA identification. Gene expression profiles were derived from EST counts and used to define transcripts specific to metamorphic stages of development. Moreover, these ESTs allowed identification of a set of 225 polymorphic microsatellites that can be used as genetic markers. These cDNA sequences permit in silico cloning of numerous genes and will facilitate studies aimed at deciphering the roles of cognate genes expressed in the nervous system during neural development and metamorphosis. The genomic resources developed to study X. tropicalis biology will accelerate exploration of amphibian physiology and genetics.





Autor: Ana C Fierro - Raphaël Thuret - Laurent Coen - Muriel Perron - Barbara A Demeneix - Maurice Wegnez - Gabor Gyapay - Jean Weissen

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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