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International Journal of Antennas and PropagationVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 657653, 7 pages

Research ArticleCollege of Communication and Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China

Received 6 February 2013; Accepted 2 June 2013

Academic Editor: Krzysztof Kulpa

Copyright © 2013 Jian Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


By exploiting favorable characteristics of a uniform cross-array, a passive localization algorithm of narrowband cyclostationary sources in the spherical coordinates azimuth, elevation, and range is proposed. Firstly, we construct a parallel factor PARAFAC analysis model by computing the third-order cyclic moment matrices of the properly chosen sensor outputs. Then, we analyze the uniqueness of the constructed model and obtain three-dimensional 3D near-field parameters via trilinear alternating least squares regression TALS. The investigated algorithm is well suitable for the localization of the near-field cyclostationary sources. In addition, it avoids the multidimensional search and pairing parameters. Results of computer simulations are carried out to confirm the satisfactory performance of the proposed method.

Autor: Jian Chen, Guohong Liu, and Xiaoying Sun



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