Estimates of genetic parameters for growth and wood properties in Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. to support tree breeding in VietnamReportar como inadecuado

Estimates of genetic parameters for growth and wood properties in Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. to support tree breeding in Vietnam - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

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Abstract : AbstractKey messageEucalyptus pellitademonstrated good growth and wood quality traits in this study, with young plantation grown timber being suitable for both solid and pulp wood products. All traits examined were under moderate levels of genetic control with little genotype by environment interaction when grown on two contrasting sites in Vietnam.ContextEucalyptus pellita currently has a significant role in reforestation in the tropics. Research to support expanded of use of this species is needed: particularly, research to better understand the genetic control of key traits will facilitate the development of genetically improved planting stock.AimsThis study aimed to provide estimates of the heritability of diameter at breast height over bark, wood basic density, Kraft pulp yield, modulus of elasticity and microfibril angle, and the genetic correlations among these traits, and understand the importance of genotype by environment interactions in Vietnam.MethodsData for diameter and wood properties were collected from two 10-year-old, open-pollinated progeny trials of E. pellita in Vietnam that evaluated 104 families from six native range and three orchard sources. Wood properties were estimated from wood samples using near-infrared NIR spectroscopy. Data were analysed using mixed linear models to estimate genetic parameters heritability, proportion of variance between seed sources and genetic correlations.ResultsVariation among the nine sources was small compared to additive variance. Narrow-sense heritability and genetic correlation estimates indicated that simultaneous improvements in most traits could be achieved from selection among and within families as the genetic correlations among traits were either favourable or close to zero. Type B genetic correlations approached one for all traits suggesting that genotype by environment interactions were of little importance. These results support a breeding strategy utilizing a single breeding population advanced by selecting the best individuals across all seed sources.ConclusionBoth growth and wood properties have been evaluated. Multi-trait selection for growth and wood property traits will lead to more productive populations of E. pellita both with improved productivity and improved timber and pulp properties.

Keywords : Eucalyptus pellita Wood properties Heritability Genetic correlation

Autor: Tran D. Hung - Jeremy T. Brawner Roger Meder David J. Lee Simon Southerton Ha H. Thinh Mark J. Dieters



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