Emergence of resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in the intestinal tract during successful treatment of Klebsiella pneumoniae lung infection in rats.Reportar como inadecuado




Emergence of resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in the intestinal tract during successful treatment of Klebsiella pneumoniae lung infection in rats. - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

* Corresponding author 1 Physiologie et Toxicologie Expérimentales 2 Laboratoire d-études et de recherches sur les médicaments vétérinaires et les désinfectants

Abstract : Antibiotic treatment of lung infections may lead to the emergence of resistance in the gut flora. Appropriate dosing regimens could mitigate this adverse effect. In gnotobiotic rats harboring intestinal Escherichia coli and Enterococcus faecium populations, a lung infection by Klebsiella pneumoniae was instigated with two different sizes of inoculum to represent an early or a late initiation of antibiotic treatment. The rats were treated with marbofloxacin, an expanded-spectrum fluoroquinolone, by a single-shot administration or a fractionated regimen over 4 days. Intestinal bacterial populations were monitored during and after treatment. At the infection site, bacterial cure without any selection of resistance was observed. Whatever the dosage regimen, fluoroquinolone treatment had a transient negative impact on the E. coli gut population but not on that of E. faecium. The intestinal flora was colonized by the pathogenic lung bacteria, and there was the emergence of intestine-resistant K. pneumoniae, occurring more often in animals treated with a single marbofloxacin dose than with the fractionated dose. Bacterial cure without resistance selection at the infection site with fluoroquinolone treatment can be linked to colonization of the digestive tract by targeted pulmonary bacteria, followed by the emergence of resistance.





Autor: Anne-Sylvie Kesteman - Agnès Perrin-Guyomard - Michel Laurentie - Pascal Sanders - Pierre-Louis Toutain - Alain Bousquet-Mélou

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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