Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Wave-Induced Vertical MixingReport as inadecuate

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Mathematical Problems in Engineering - Volume 2015 2015, Article ID 950849, 12 pages -

Research ArticleInstitute of Hydroengineering, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kościerska 7, 80953 Gdańsk, Poland

Received 12 March 2015; Revised 23 June 2015; Accepted 24 June 2015

Academic Editor: Junwu Wang

Copyright © 2015 Wojciech Sulisz and Maciej Paprota. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Theoretical investigations supported by a series of original laboratory experiments are conducted to study a wave-induced vertical mixing process. The derived semi-analytical solution is very efficient and is applied to predict the effects of water waves on the temperature changes and the evolution of temperature profiles. The results indicate that waves increase a mixing process. The rate of change of the temperature is higher when waves contributed to mixing process and this process increases with increasing the wavelength to water depth ratio. The analysis indicates that for typical ocean waves the contribution of water waves to mixing may be several orders of magnitude higher than a corresponding contribution arising from the classical diffusion process. This implies a need to conduct more theoretical studies and experimental investigation on the effect of water waves on mixing processes. A series of original laboratory experiments were conducted in the insulated wave flume to verify the derived model. The comparisons show a reasonable agreement between predicted and measured temperature profiles. A reasonable agreement between theoretical results and experimental data is observed for the whole considered range of initial temperature distributions. The comparisons indicate that the model is applicable even to cases when gradients in temperature distributions over water depth are fairly high.

Author: Wojciech Sulisz and Maciej Paprota



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