A Comparative Study of the Common Protozoan Parasites of Clarias gariepinus from the Wild and Cultured Environments in Benue State, Nigeria.Report as inadecuate




A Comparative Study of the Common Protozoan Parasites of Clarias gariepinus from the Wild and Cultured Environments in Benue State, Nigeria. - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Journal of Parasitology ResearchVolume 2011 2011, Article ID 916489, 8 pages

Research Article

Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Agriculture, PMB 2373 Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria

Department of Vetrinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Received 18 May 2011; Revised 8 July 2011; Accepted 15 August 2011

Academic Editor: Bernard Marchand

Copyright © 2011 S. Omeji et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A total of one hundred and twenty Clarias gariepinus comprising 30 dead and 30 live fishes were examined for protozoan parasites infestation, sixty each from the wild and a pond cultured environment over a period of six months. Ichthyophthirius multifiliis was the most common protozoan parasites found in C. gariepinus from the wild River Benue and cultured pond environments. These protozoan parasites constitute 37.08% of the total parasites encountered for fishes in the pond and 42.51% of fishes in the wild. Among the body parts of the sampled fishes from the pond, the gills had the highest parasite load 38.86%. Also, the gills had the highest parasite load 40.54% among the body parts of the fishes sampled from the wild. Fishes not infested with any protozoan parasites from the pond constituted 36.70% of the total fish sampled. On the other hand, fishes not infested with any protozoan parasites from the wild constituted 31.65% of the total fish sampled. Female fishes had more protozoan parasites than the male fishes. Bigger fishes of total length 25–48 cm had more parasite load than the smaller ones 19–24 cm. Also, fishes between 150–750 g had more parasite load than the smaller ones of less than 150 g. Protozoan parasite load of fish from the cultured environment pond did not differ significantly 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 from those from River Benue wild.





Author: S. Omeji, S. G. Solomon, and E. S. Idoga

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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