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, 1:8

First Online: 04 March 2013Received: 30 August 2012Accepted: 08 January 2013


BackgroundButyrate, which is produced by the human microbiome, is essential for awell-functioning colon. Bacteria that produce butyrate are phylogeneticallydiverse, which hinders their accurate detection based on conventional phylogeneticmarkers. As a result, reliable information on this important bacterial group isoften lacking in microbiome research.

ResultsIn this study we describe a gene-targeted approach for 454 pyrotag sequencing andquantitative polymerase chain reaction for the final genes in the two primarybacterial butyrate synthesis pathways, butyryl-CoA:acetate CoA-transferasebut and butyrate kinase buk. We monitored theestablishment and early succession of butyrate-producing communities in fourpatients with ulcerative colitis who underwent a colectomy with ileal pouch analanastomosis and compared it with three control samples from healthy colons. Allpatients established an abundant butyrate-producing community approximately 5% to26% of the total community in the pouch within the 2-month study, but patternswere distinctive among individuals. Only one patient harbored a community profilesimilar to the healthy controls, in which there was a predominance of butgenes that are similar to reference genes from Acidaminococcus sp.,Eubacterium sp., Faecalibacterium prausnitzii andRoseburia sp., and an almost complete absence of buk genes.Two patients were greatly enriched in buk genes similar to those ofClostridium butyricum and C. perfringens, whereas a fourthpatient displayed abundant communities containing both genes. Most butyrateproducers identified in previous studies were detected and the general patterns oftaxa found were supported by 16S rRNA gene pyrotag analysis, but thegene-targeted approach provided more detail about the potential butyrate-producingmembers of the community.

ConclusionsThe presented approach provides quantitative and genotypic insights intobutyrate-producing communities and facilitates a more specific functionalcharacterization of the intestinal microbiome. Furthermore, our analysis refinesbut and buk reference annotations found in centraldatabases.

KeywordsButyrate Gene-targeted metagenomics Human microbiome project Pouchitis Ulcerative colitis AbbreviationsBLASTBasic Local Alignment Search Tool

bukButyrate kinase


CoACoenzyme A

HMMHidden Markov Model

IPAAIleal pouch analanastomosis

PCRPolymerase chain reaction

qPCRQuantitative polymerase chainreaction

RDPRibosomal Database Project

SCFAShort chain fatty acid


WGAWhole genome amplification

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-2049-2618-1-8 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/2049-2618-1-8

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