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Depression Research and TreatmentVolume 2012 2012, Article ID 754031, 10 pages

Research Article

Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Department of Emergency Psychiatry & Department of Specialist Training, Altrecht Geestelijke Gezondheidszorg, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Integraal Kankercentrum Nederland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Received 31 January 2012; Revised 23 March 2012; Accepted 20 April 2012

Academic Editor: Raphael M. Bonelli

Copyright © 2012 Arjan W. Braam et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim of the current study is to examine whether previous depressive symptoms modify possible effects of religiousness on mood in the last week of life. After-death interviews with proxy respondents of deceased sample members of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam provided information on depressed mood in the last week of life, as well as on the presence of a sense of peace with the approaching end of life. Other characteristics were derived from interviews with the sample members when still alive. Significant interactions were identified between measures of religiousness and previous depressive symptoms CES-D scores in their associations with mood in the last week of life. Among those with previous depressive symptoms, church-membership, church-attendance and salience of religion were associated with a greater likelihood of depressed mood in the last week of life. Among those without previous depressive symptoms, church-attendance and salience of religion were associated with a higher likelihood of a sense of peace. For older adults in the last phase of life, supportive effects of religiousness were more or less expected. Fore those with recent depressive symptoms, however, religiousness might involve a component of existential doubt.





Autor: Arjan W. Braam, Marianne Klinkenberg, Henrike Galenkamp, and Dorly J. H. Deeg

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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