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Behavioural Neurology - Volume 2015 2015, Article ID 507196, 8 pages -

Research Article

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA

Department of Psychology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Instituto San Lucas, Santa Fe, Argentina

CETYS University, Mexicali, Mexico

IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain

Received 28 September 2014; Revised 13 January 2015; Accepted 20 January 2015

Academic Editor: Laura Piccardi

Copyright © 2015 Stephen K. Trapp et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The research literature has begun to demonstrate associations between personal strengths and enhanced psychosocial functioning of dementia caregivers, but these relationships have not been examined in the context of dementia caregivers in Latin America. The present study examined whether personal strengths, including resilience, optimism, and sense of coherence, were associated with mental and physical health related quality of life HRQOL in 130 dementia caregivers in Mexico and Argentina. Structural equation modeling found that the personal strengths collectively accounted for 58.4% of the variance in caregiver mental HRQOL, and resilience, sense of coherence, and optimism each had unique effects. In comparison, the personal strengths together accounted for 8.9% of the variance in caregiver physical HRQOL, and only sense of coherence yielded a unique effect. These results underscore the need to construct and disseminate empirically supported interventions based in part on important personal strengths, particularly sense of coherence, for this underrepresented group.

Autor: Stephen K. Trapp, Paul B. Perrin, Richa Aggarwal, Silvina Victoria Peralta, Miriam E. Stolfi, Eliana Morelli, Leticia Aracel



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