Investigation of residual stresses induced during the selective laser melting processReport as inadecuate

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1 LaMCoS - Laboratoire de Mécanique des Contacts et des Structures Villeurbanne 2 PEP - Pôle Européen de la Plasturgie

Abstract : The selective laser melting process SLM, belonging to the family of additive manufacturing processes, can create complex geometry parts from a CAD file. Previously, only prototypes were created by SLM, but now this process is used to manufacture quickly and directly functional parts. For example, in the PEP Centre Technique de la Plasturgie, this process is used to manufacture tooling parts or injection molds with cooling channels that can-t be obtained by conventional routes. During the process, the laser beam generates violent heating and cooling cycles in the material inducing important thermal gradients in the consolidated part. The cyclic thermal expansions and contractions exceeding the maximum elastic strain of the material induce heterogeneous plastic strains and generate internal stresses the level of which can reaches the yield stress of the material and cracks may appear during the process. This paper deals with the measurement and analysis of residual stresses during the selective laser melting of a simple part in maraging steel. The objective of this study is the analysis of experimental results to validate the numerical model previously presented in 1. A new method is proposed to evaluate the residual stresses induced during the SLM process, a rosette is fixed on the bottom face of the support. The residual stresses in the created part are calculated from strain and temperature variations when the fused layer is consolidating during the cooling between two layers. Process parameters like the powder thickness or the cooling time between successive layers are studied in this paper.

Keywords : Selective Laser Melting Layer additional method Residual stresses

Author: Laurent Van Belle - Jean-Claude Boyer - Guillaume Vansteenkiste -



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