Space-time segmentation using level set active contours applied to myocardial gated SPECTReport as inadecuate

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1 Laboratoire d-Informatique, Signaux, et Systèmes de Sophia-Antipolis I3S - Equipe IMAGES-CREATIVE SIS - Signal, Images et Systèmes 2 JAD - Laboratoire Jean Alexandre Dieudonné 3 Nuclear Medicine Department

Abstract : This paper presents a new variational method for the segmentation of a moving object against a still background, over a sequence of 2-D or 3-D image frames. The method is illustrated in application to myocardial gated SPECT data, and incorporates a level set framework to handle topological changes while providing closed boundaries.The key innovation is the introduction of a geometrical constraint into the derivation of the Euler-Lagrange equations, such that the segmentation of each individual frame can be interpreted as a closed boundary of an object an isolevel of a set of hyper-surfaces while integrating information over the entire sequence. This results in the definition of an evolution velocity normal to the object boundary. Applying this method to 3-D myocardial gated SPECT sequences, the left ventricle endocardial and epicardial limits can be computed in each frame.This space-time segmentation method was tested on simulated and clinical 3-D myocardial gated SPECT sequences and the corresponding ejection fractions were computed.

Keywords : 3-D gated SPECT sequence space-time segmentation geometrical constraint active contour

Author: Eric Debreuve - Michel Barlaud - Gilles Aubert - Ivan Laurette - Jacques Darcourt -



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