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1 Zentrum für Angewandte Informatik Köln 2 CES - Centre d-économie de la Sorbonne 3 PSE - Paris School of Economics

Abstract : Time series of coalitions so-called scenarios are studied that describe processes of coalition formation where several players may enter or leave the current coalition at any point in discrete time and convergence to the grand coalition is not necessarily prescribed. Transitions from one coalition to the next are assumed to be random and to yield a Markov chain. Three examples of such processes the Shapley-Weber process, the Metropolis process, and an example of a voting situation and their properties are presented. A main contribution includes notions of value for such series, \emph{i.e.}, schemes for the evaluation of the expected contribution of a player to the coalition process relative to a given cooperative game. Particular processes permit to recover the classical Shapley value. This methodology-s power is illustrated with well-known examples from exchange economies due to Shafer 1980 and Scafuri and Yannelis 1984, where the classical Shapley value leads to counterintuitive allocations. The Markovian process value avoids these drawbacks and provides plausible results.

Keywords : coalitional game coalition formation process exchange economy Markov chain Shapley value

Autor: Ulrich Faigle - Michel Grabisch -



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