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1 CSI i3 - Centre de Sociologie de l-Innovation i3 2 RiTME - Risques, Travail, Marchés, Etat

Abstract : This article examines the issue of the respective knowledge of authors and reviewers: is it fairer to judge a manuscript in the full light of day, or hidden away from prying eyes? Should one know everything about the authors of a manuscript, or nothing at all? In short, does the anonymity of the reviewers and-or authors guarantee or prevent an objective assessment? It looks at how these became central issues for scientific journals between 1950 and 1970. It then examine how, from the 1980s onwards, a certain number of categories became stabilized, such as the -single blind- and -double blind- and -open review-, which lay down the options available to journals and learned societies.

Keywords : peer review anonymity open review blind review single blind double blind





Autor: David Pontille - Didier Torny -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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