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Transgenic Research

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 1235–1243

First Online: 11 February 2011Received: 29 October 2010Accepted: 20 January 2011


In addition to its well-recognized antimicrobial properties, lysozyme can also modulate the inflammatory response. This ability may be particularly important in the gastrointestinal tract where inappropriate inflammatory reactions can damage the intestinal epithelium, leading to significant health problems. The consumption of milk from transgenic goats producing human lysozyme hLZ in their milk therefore has the potential to positively impact intestinal health. In order to investigate the effect of hLZ-containing milk on the inflammatory response, young pigs were fed pasteurized milk from hLZ or non-transgenic control goats and quantitative real-time PCR was performed to assess local expression of TNF-α, IL-8, and TGF-β1 in the small intestine. Histological changes were also investigated, specifically looking at villi width, length, crypt depth, and lamina propria thickness along with cell counts for intraepithelial lymphocytes and goblet cells. Significantly higher expression of anti-inflammatory cytokine TGF-β1 was seen in the ileum of pigs fed pasteurized milk containing hLZ P = 0.0478, along with an increase in intraepithelial lymphocytes P = 0.0255, and decrease in lamina propria thickness in the duodenum P = 0.0001. Based on these results we conclude that consuming pasteurized milk containing hLZ does not induce an inflammatory response and improves the health of the small intestine in pigs.

KeywordsLysozyme Cytokines Transgenic goats Intestine Inflammation TGF-β1  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Caitlin A. Cooper - Dottie R. Brundige - Wade A. Reh - Elizabeth A. Maga - James D. Murray


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