Introduction of the AmpliChip CYP450 Test to a South African cohort: a platform comparative prospective cohort studyReportar como inadecuado




Introduction of the AmpliChip CYP450 Test to a South African cohort: a platform comparative prospective cohort study - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

BMC Medical Genetics

, 14:20

Clinical-Molecular Genetics and Cytogenetics

Abstract

BackgroundAdverse drug reactions and lack of therapeutic efficacy associated with currently prescribed pharmacotherapeutics may be attributed, in part, to inter-individual variability in drug metabolism. Studies on the pharmacogenetics of Cytochrome P450 CYP enzymes offer insight into this variability. The objective of this study was to compare the AmpliChip CYP450 Test AmpliChip to alternative genotyping platforms for phenotype prediction of CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 in a representative cohort of the South African population.

MethodsAmpliChip was used to screen for thirty-three CYP2D6 and three CYP2C19 alleles in two different cohorts. As a comparison cohort 2 was then genotyped using a CYP2D6 specific long range PCR with sequencing CYP2D6 XL-PCR + Sequencing platform and a PCR-RFLP platform for seven CYP2C19 alleles.

ResultsEven though there was a low success rate for the AmpliChip, allele frequencies for both CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 were very similar between the two different cohorts. The CYP2D6 XL-PCR + Sequencing platform detected CYP2D6*5 more reliably and could correctly distinguish between CYP2D6*2 and *41 in the Black African individuals. Alleles not covered by the AmpliChip were identified and four novel CYP2D6 alleles were also detected. CYP2C19 PCR-RFLP identified CYP2C19*9,*15, *17 and *27 in the Black African individuals, with *2, *17 and *27 being relatively frequent in the cohort. Eliminating mismatches and identifying additional alleles will contribute to improving phenotype prediction for both enzymes. Phenotype prediction differed between platforms for both genes.

ConclusionComprehensive genotyping of CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 with the platforms used in this study, would be more appropriate than AmpliChip for phenotypic prediction in the South African population. Pharmacogenetically important novel alleles may remain undiscovered when using assays that are designed according to Caucasian specific variation, unless alternate strategies are utilised.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2350-14-20 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Tyren M Dodgen - Warren E Hochfeld - Heidi Fickl - Sahle M Asfaha - Chrisna Durandt - Paul Rheeder - Britt I Drögemöl

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados