Analysis of the contribution of FTO, NPC1, ENPP1, NEGR1, GNPDA2 and MC4Rgenes to obesity in Mexican childrenReport as inadecuate

Analysis of the contribution of FTO, NPC1, ENPP1, NEGR1, GNPDA2 and MC4Rgenes to obesity in Mexican children - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Medical Genetics

, 14:21

Genetic epidemiology and genetic associations


BackgroundRecent genome wide association studies GWAS and previous positional linkage studies have identified more than 50 single nucleotide polymorphisms SNPs associated with obesity, mostly in Europeans. We aimed to assess the contribution of some of these SNPs to obesity risk and to the variation of related metabolic traits, in Mexican children.

MethodsThe association of six European obesity-related SNPs in or near FTO, NPC1, ENPP1, NEGR1, GNPDA2 and MC4R genes with risk of obesity was tested in 1,463 school-aged Mexican children Ncases = 514; Ncontrols = 949. We also assessed effects of these SNPs on the variation of body mass index BMI, fasting serum insulin levels, fasting plasma glucose levels, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels, in a subset of 1,171 nonobese Mexican children.

ResultsWe found a significant effect of GNPDA2 rs10938397 on risk of obesity odds ratio OR = 1.30; P = 1.34 × 10. Furthermore, we found nominal associations between obesity risk or BMI variation and the following SNPs: ENPP1 rs7754561, MC4R rs17782313 and NEGR1 rs2815752. Importantly, the at-risk alleles of both MC4R rs17782313 and NPC1 rs1805081 showed significant effect on increased fasting glucose levels β = 0.36 mmol-L; P = 1.47 × 10 and decreased fasting serum insulin levels β = −0.10 μU-mL; P = 1.21 × 10, respectively.

ConclusionOur present results suggest that some obesity-associated SNPs previously reported in Europeans also associate with risk of obesity, or metabolic quantitative traits, in Mexican children. Importantly, we found new associations between MC4R and fasting glucose levels, and between NPC1 and fasting insulin levels.

KeywordsObesity Mexican children Single nucleotide polymorphism AbbreviationsβEffect-size

BMIBody mass index

CIConfidence interval

GWASGenome-wide association study

HOMA-IRHomeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance

OROdds ratio




RAFRisk-allele frequency

SEStandard error

SNPSingle nucleotide polymorphism.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2350-14-21 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Aurora Mejía-Benítez - Miguel Klünder-Klünder - Loic Yengo - David Meyre - Celia Aradillas - Esperanza Cruz - Elva Pér


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