Gene signatures ESC, MYC and ERG-fusion are early markers of a potentially dangerous subtype of prostate cancerReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Medical Genomics

, 7:50

Prognostics and diagnostics-biomarkers


BackgroundGood prognostic tools for predicting disease progression in early stage prostate cancer PCa are still missing. Detection of molecular subtypes, for instance by using microarray gene technology, can give new prognostic information which can assist personalized treatment planning. The detection of new subtypes with validation across additional and larger patient cohorts is important for bringing a potential prognostic tool into the clinic.

MethodsWe used fresh frozen prostatectomy tissue of high molecular quality to further explore four molecular subtype signatures of PCa based on Gene Set Enrichment Analysis GSEA of 15 selected gene sets published in a previous study. For this analysis we used a statistical test of dependent correlations to compare reference signatures to signatures in new normal and PCa samples, and also explore signatures within and between sample subgroups in the new samples.

ResultsAn important finding was the consistent signatures observed for samples from the same patient independent of Gleason score. This proves that the signatures are robust and can surpass a normally high tumor heterogeneity within each patient. Our data did not distinguish between four different subtypes of PCa as previously published, but rather highlighted two groups of samples which could be related to good and poor prognosis based on survival data from the previous study.The poor prognosis group highlighted a set of samples characterized by enrichment of ESC, ERG-fusion and MYC + rich signatures in patients diagnosed with low Gleason score,. The other group consisted of PCa samples showing good prognosis as well as normal samples. Accounting for sample composition the amount of benign structures such as stroma and epithelial cells in addition to the cancer component was important to improve subtype assignments and should also be considered in future studies.

ConclusionOur study validates a previous molecular subtyping of PCa in a new patient cohort, and identifies a subgroup of PCa samples highly interesting for detecting high risk PCa at an early stage. The importance of taking sample tissue composition into account when assigning subtype is emphasized.

KeywordsProstate cancer Gleason Subtypes Microarray GSEA AbbreviationsGSEAGene set enrichment analysis

PCaProstate cancer.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1755-8794-7-50 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Morten Beck Rye - Helena Bertilsson - Finn Drabløs - Anders Angelsen - Tone F Bathen - May-Britt Tessem


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