Transcriptomic signatures in whole blood of patients who acquire a chronic inflammatory response syndrome CIRS following an exposure to the marine toxin ciguatoxinReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Medical Genomics

, 8:15

Functional and structural genomics

Abstract

BackgroundCiguatoxins CTXs are polyether marine neurotoxins found in multiple reef-fish species and are potent activators of voltage-gated sodium channels. It is estimated that up to 500,000 people annually experience acute ciguatera poisoning from consuming toxic fish and a small percentage of these victims will develop a chronic, multisymptom, multisystem illness, which can last years, termed a Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome CIRS. Symptoms of ciguatera CIRS include fatigue, cognitive deficits, neurologic deficits, pain and sensitivity to light. There are few treatment options for ciguatera CIRS since little is known about its pathophysiology.

MethodsThis study characterizes the transcriptional profile in whole blood of 11 patients with ciguatera-induced CIRS and 11 normal controls run in duplicate using Agilent one color whole genome microarrays. Differential expression was determined by using a combination of moderated t-test p-value and fold change FC. Significant genes were subjected to gene ontology, principal component analysis and SVM classification. Seven significant genes found by microarray were validated by PCR.

ResultsUsing a low stringency p < 0.05 and FC > 1.4 and a high stringency p < 0.01 and FC > 1.5 filter, the resulting gene sets of 185 and 55, respectively, showed clear separation of cases and controls by PCA as well as 100% classification accuracy by SVM, indicating that the gene profiles can separate patients from controls. PCR results of 7 genes showed a 95% correlation to microarray data. Several genes identified by microarray are important in wound healing CD9, CD36, vWF and Factor XIII, adaptive immunity HLA-DQB1, DQB2, IL18R1 and IL5RA and innate immunity GZMK, TOLLIP, SIGIRR and VIPR2, overlapping several areas shown to be disrupted in a mouse model of acute exposure to ciguatoxin. Another area of interest was differential expression of long, non-coding sequences, or lncRNA.

ConclusionsDisruptions of innate and adaptive immune mechanisms were recorded at both the genomic and proteomic level. A disruption in the HLA-T cell receptor axis could indicate HLA haplotype sensitivity for this chronic syndrome, as noted in many autoimmune conditions. Taken together, these indicators of illness provide additional insights into pathophysiology and potential therapies.

KeywordsCiguatera Gene expression HLA Ciguatoxin Immune Chronic inflammation Chronic illness Transcriptomics Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12920-015-0089-x contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: James C Ryan - Qingzhong Wu - Ritchie C Shoemaker

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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