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International Journal of DentistryVolume 2009 2009, Article ID 781297, 3 pages

Review ArticleDepartment of Maxillofacial Surgery, “S. Maria della Misericordia” University Hospital, 33100 Udine, Italy

Received 29 June 2008; Accepted 10 November 2008

Academic Editor: Ashraf F. Ayoub

Copyright © 2009 Massimo Politi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Patients with pharyngodynia and neck pain symptoms can lead to an extensive differential diagnosis.Eagle's syndrome must be taken in account. Eagle defined “stylalgia” as an autonomous entity related to abnormal length of the styloid process or to mineralization of the stylohyoid ligament complex.The stylohyoid complex derives from Reichert's cartilage of the second branchial arch. The styloyd process is an elongated conical projection of the temporal bone that lies anteriorly to the mastoid process.The incidence of Eagle's syndrome varies among population. Usually asymptomatic, it occurs in adult patients. It is characterized by pharyngodynia localized in the tonsillar fossa and sometimes accompanied by disphagia, odynophagia, foreign body sensation, and temporary voice changes. In some cases, the stylohyoid apparatus compresses the internal and-or the external carotid arteries and their perivascular sympathetic fibers, resulting in a persistent pain irradiating in the carotid territory. The pathogenesis of the syndrome is still under discussion.





Autor: Massimo Politi, Corrado Toro, and Giulia Tenani

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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