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Journal of Molecular Medicine

, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 29–39

First Online: 17 November 2016Received: 05 August 2016Revised: 31 October 2016Accepted: 03 November 2016

Abstract

The microbiome located within a given host and its organs forms a holobiont, an intimate functional entity with evolutionarily designed interactions to support nutritional intake and reproduction. Thus, all organs in a holobiont respond to changes within the microbiome. The development and function of the central nervous system and its homeostatic mechanisms are no exception and are also subject to regulation by the gut microbiome. In order for the holobiont to function effectively, the microbiome and host must communicate. The aryl hydrocarbon receptor is an evolutionarily conserved receptor recognizing environmental compounds, including a number of ligands produced directly and indirectly by the microbiome. This review focuses on the microbiome-gut-brain axis in regard to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling pathway and its impact on underlying mechanisms in neurodegeneration.

KeywordsHost-microbiome interactions Neurodevelopment Neurodegeneration Aryl hydrocarbon receptor Hae Ung Lee and Zachary E. McPherson are the first coauthors.

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Autor: Hae Ung Lee - Zachary E McPherson - Bryan Tan - Agata Korecka - Sven Pettersson

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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