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* Corresponding author 1 LOB - Laboratoire d-optique et biosciences

Abstract : Ordered lipid assemblies are responsible for important physiological functions including skin barrier and axon conductivity. However, techniques commonly used to probe molecular order such as X-ray scattering and nuclear magnetic resonance are not suited for in-situ tissue studies. Here, we identify and characterize a novel contrast mechanism in nonlinear optical microscopy which is sensitive to molecular ordering in multilamellar lipid vesicles MLVs and in samples obtained from human skin biopsy: polarized third-harmonic generation P-THG. We develop a multiscale theoretical framework to calculate the anisotropic, nonlinear optical response of lipid arrays as a function of molecular order. This analysis reveals that conserved carbon-carbon bond and aliphatic tail directionality are the atomic- and molecular-scale sources of the observed P-THG response, respectively. Agreement between calculations and experiments on lipid droplets and MLVs validates the use of P-THG as a probe of lipid ordering. Finally, we show that P-THG can be used to map molecular ordering in the multilamellar, intercorneocyte lipid matrix of the stratum corneum of human skin. These results provide the foundation for the use of P-THG in probing molecular order and highlight a novel biomedical application of multiphoton microscopy in an optically accessible tissue relevant to monitoring lipid-related disorder.





Autor: Maxwell Zimmerley - Pierre Mahou - Delphine Débarre - Marie-Claire Schanne-Klein - Emmanuel Beaurepaire -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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