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Analytical Cellular Pathology - Volume 22 2001, Issue 3, Pages 111-121

Institute of Pathology, University Hospital Charité, Berlin, Germany

Received 4 October 2000; Accepted 11 December 2000

Copyright © 2001 Hindawi Publishing Corporation.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Abstract

Lung cancer is a highly aggressive neoplasm which is reflected by a multitude of genetic aberrations being detectable on the chromosomal and molecular level.
In order to understand this seemingly genetic chaos, we performed Comparative Genomic Hybridisation CGH in a large collective of human lung carcinomas investigating different tumor entities as well as multiple individual tumour specimens of single patients.
Despite the considerable genetic instability being reflected by the well known morphological heterogeneity of lung cancer the comparison of different tumour groups using custom made computer software revealed recurrent aberration patterns and highlighted chromosomal imbalances that were significantly associated with morphological histotypes and biological phenotypes.
Specifically we identified imbalances in NSCLC being associated with metastasis formation which are typically present in SCLC thus explaining why the latter is such an aggressive neoplasm characterized by widespread tumor dissemination.
Based on the genetic data a new model for the development of SCLC is presented.
It suggests that SCLC evolving from the same stem cell as NSCLC should be differentiated into primary and secondary tumors.
Primary SCLC corresponding to the classical type evolved directly from an epithelial precursor cell.
In contrast, secondary SCLC correlating with the combined SCLC develops via an NSCLC intermediate.
In addition, we established libraries of differentially expressed genes from different human lung cancer types to identify new candidate genes for several of the chromosomal subregions identified by CGH.
In this review, we summarise the status of our results aiming at a refined classification of lung cancer based on the pattern of genetic aberrations.





Autor: Iver Petersen and Simone Petersen

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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