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Pulmonary MedicineVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 374283, 8 pages

Review Article

Dipartimento di Scienze della Salute, Pneumologia Riabilitativa, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, Istituto Scientifico di Milano IRCCS, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20138 Milan, Italy

UOC di Malattie dell-Apparato Respiratorio, Azienda Ospedaliera di Desio e Vimercate, 20832 Desio, Italy

Pneumologia Riabilitativa, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri, Istituto Scientifico di Tradate IRCCS, Università degli Studi dell-Insubria, 21049 Tradate, Italy

Received 19 October 2012; Revised 4 December 2012; Accepted 17 December 2012

Academic Editor: Edgardo D-Angelo

Copyright © 2013 Pierachille Santus et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease COPD is a complex pathological condition associated with an important reduction in physical activity and psychological problems that contribute to the patient-s disability and poor health-related quality of life.
Pulmonary rehabilitation is aimed to eliminate or at least attenuate these difficulties, mainly by promoting muscular reconditioning.
The scope of this paper has been the analysis of the literature on pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD patients has appeared in the last five years, focusing on the principal outcomes obtained.
The results demonstrate that pulmonary rehabilitation has a beneficial effect on dyspnoea relief, improving muscle strength and endurance.
Moreover, pulmonary rehabilitation appears to be a highly effective and safe treatment for reducing hospital admissions mortality and improving health-related quality of life in COPD patients.
It represents, therefore, a very important therapeutic option that, along with standard pharmachological therapy, can be used to obtain the best patient management.
The favourable results obtained with pulmonary rehabilitation programs should stimulate researchers to improve our understanding of the mechanisms that form the basis of the beneficial effects of this therapeutic intervention.
This would in turn increase the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation in COPD patients.





Autor: Pierachille Santus, Linda Bassi, Dejan Radovanovic, Andrea Airoldi, Rita Raccanelli, Francesco Triscari, Francesca Giovannel

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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