Risky use of alcohol, drugs and cigarettes in a psychosis unit: a 1 1-2 year follow-up of stability and changes after initial screeningReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Psychiatry

, 7:31

First Online: 06 July 2007Received: 22 December 2006Accepted: 06 July 2007

Abstract

BackgroundCo-morbidity with substance use disorders negatively influences overall functioning in patients with psychosis. However, frequencies and courses of risky use of alcohol, drugs and cigarettes are rarely investigated in patients at psychosis units.

The purpose of this study is to describe the use of alcohol, drugs and cigarettes in patients at a psychosis unit over a 1 1-2 year period after them having taken part in a screening investigation including a feed-back of the results to personnel. Relationships with sex and age are also described.

MethodsThe patients- use of the substances was examined at baseline and at follow-up using three self-reporting instruments: Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test AUDIT, Drug Use Disorders Identification Test DUDIT and Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence FTND.

ResultsOne hundred and eighty-six patients out of 238 at baseline 78 percent took part in the follow-up. Total AUDIT score decreased in women. Older men more often developed a risky alcohol use. Older women tended to reduce their risky drug habits. On a group level the habits mostly were stable, but 11 percent changed their alcohol habits and 15 percent changed their smoking habits from risky to no-low risky use, or vice versa. Nine percent changed their drug habits, predominantly from risky to no-low risky use.

ConclusionA more active approach towards alcohol, drug and smoking habits in psychosis units would probably be beneficial.

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Autor: Gunilla Cruce - Agneta Öjehagen

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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