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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

, 1:5

First Online: 16 July 2007Received: 26 February 2007Accepted: 16 July 2007


BackgroundHealth- and illness-related cognitions of pediatric patients with asthma or somatization and of their caregivers are considered relevant for patient education and for cognitive-behavioral interventions. This study investigates the relationship between diagnosis and illness perception by child and parent in two different chronic conditions such as somatization disorder and asthma.

Methods25 patients with somatoform disorders and 25 patients with asthma bronchiale completed the Giessen Complaint List and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale. Primary caregivers independently answered parallel proxy-report instruments. Analyses of variance were performed to determine the impact of diagnosis and perspective. Correlations were calculated to determine the concordance between patient and caregiver reports.

ResultsNo statistically significant differences in illness locus of control beliefs were found between asthma and somatoform disorder children or parents. Parents reported more internal and fatalistic locus of control beliefs compared with their children. Correlations between patient and caregiver reports of symptoms and health locus of control beliefs were low to moderate.

ConclusionClinicians should take into account a sense of insufficient symptom control in both diagnostic groups and different viewpoints of patients and their parents.

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Autor: Lutz Goldbeck - Silke Bundschuh


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