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, 14:10

First Online: 06 February 2017Received: 25 October 2016Accepted: 31 January 2017


BackgroundThe foamy viral genome encodes four central purine-rich elements localized in the integrase-coding region of pol. Previously, we have shown that the first two of these RNA elements A and B are required for protease dimerization and activation. The D element functions as internal polypurine tract during reverse transcription. Peters et al., described the third element C as essential for gag expression suggesting that it might serve as an RNA export element for the unspliced genomic transcript.

ResultsHere, we analysed env splicing and demonstrate that the described C element composed of three GAA repeats known to bind SR proteins regulates env splicing, thus balancing the amount of gag-pol mRNAs. Deletion of the C element effectively promotes a splice site switch from a newly identified env splice acceptor to the intrinsically strong downstream localised env 3′ splice acceptor permitting complete splicing of almost all LTR derived transcripts. We provide evidence that repression of this env splice acceptor is a prerequisite for gag expression. This repression is achieved by the C element, resulting in impaired branch point recognition and SF1-mBBP binding. Separating the branch point from the overlapping purine-rich C element, by insertion of only 20 nucleotides, liberated repression and fully restored splicing to the intrinsically strong env 3′ splice site. This indicated that the cis-acting element might repress splicing by blocking the recognition of essential splice site signals.

ConclusionsThe foamy viral purine-rich C element regulates splicing by suppressing the branch point recognition of the strongest env splice acceptor. It is essential for the formation of unspliced gag and singly spliced pol transcripts.

KeywordsSplice regulation Foamy viruses Branch point Purine-rich element RNA export Rebecca Moschall and Sarah Denk contributed equally to this work

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12977-017-0337-6 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Rebecca Moschall - Sarah Denk - Steffen Erkelenz - Christian Schenk - Heiner Schaal - Jochen Bodem

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12977-017-0337-6

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