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Annals of General Psychiatry

, 9:34

First Online: 06 September 2010Received: 05 February 2010Accepted: 06 September 2010


BackgroundImprisonment may lead to the development of mental illness, especially depression. This study examines the clinical and sociodemographic profiles of imprisoned women, identifies indicative signs of depression, and relates these indicators to other variables.

MethodsThis study took the form of descriptive exploratory research with a psychometric evaluation. A total of 100 of 300 women in a female penitentiary were interviewed. A questionnaire with sociodemographic, clinical and penal situation information was used, along with the Beck Depression Inventory. The authors performed bivariate and multivariate analysis regarding depression.

ResultsIn all, 82 women presented signs of depression light = 33, mild = 29 and severe = 20. Comorbidities, lack of religious practice, absence of visitors and presence of eating disorders were risk factors for depression P = 0.03, 0.03, 0.02, 0.04, and 0.01. Being older was a protection factor against severe depression; for women over 30, the risk of depression was multiplied by 0.12. The rate of depression among women prisoners was high.

ConclusionsComorbidities, the lack of religious practice, not having visitors and eating disorders are significant risk factors for depression, while age is a protective factor, among incarcerated women.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1744-859X-9-34 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Carmen SV Pinese - Antonia RF Furegato - Jair LF Santos


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