A Qualitative Study of Barriers to Effectiveness of Interventions to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Arba Minch, EthiopiaReportar como inadecuado




A Qualitative Study of Barriers to Effectiveness of Interventions to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Arba Minch, Ethiopia - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

International Journal of Population ResearchVolume 2012 2012, Article ID 532154, 7 pages

Research Article

Centre for Public Health Sciences, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, New York, NY 10461, USA

College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia

Received 30 March 2012; Revised 23 May 2012; Accepted 11 June 2012

Academic Editor: Pranitha Maharaj

Copyright © 2012 Adebola Adedimeji et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Despite the availability of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission PMTCT of HIV, socio-cultural, health system and operational factors constrain many pregnant women from accessing services or returning for followup thereby increasing the risk of vertical transmission of HIV to newborns. We highlight and describe unique contextual factors contributing to low utilization of PMTCT services in Arba-Minch, Ethiopia. Methods. Qualitative research design was utilized to obtain data through focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with antenatal clinic attendees, health workers health facilities in the study area. Results. Awareness of PMTCT services and knowledge of its benefits was nearly universal, although socioeconomic, cultural and health system factors, including stigma and desire to prevent knowledge of serostatus, impede access to and utilization of services. Health system factors—lack of appropriate followup mechanisms, inadequate access to ARV drugs and poorly equipped manpower also contribute to low utilization of services. Conclusion. Reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa will be more effective when unique contextual factors are identified and addressed. Effectiveness of PMTCT interventions rests on a well functioning health system that recognize the importance of social, economic, cultural contexts that HIV positive pregnant women live in.





Autor: Adebola Adedimeji, Nareen Abboud, Behailu Merdekios, and Miriam Shiferaw

Fuente: https://www.hindawi.com/



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