Impact of the oyster Crassostrea gigas on a microbial community in Atlantic coastal ponds near La RochelleReportar como inadecuado

Impact of the oyster Crassostrea gigas on a microbial community in Atlantic coastal ponds near La Rochelle - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

1 LIENSs - LIttoral ENvironnement et Sociétés - UMR 7266 2 LER-LR

Abstract : To assess the in situ impact of oysters, Crassostrea gigas, on planktonic protist and bacteria communities and the potential contribution of protozoa to their food resource intake, the abundance and the diversity of protists and bacteria were followed in 2 Atlantic coastal ponds, with and without oysters. The protist biomass in such ponds was high, with a maximum in spring of 982 μg C l-1 and a minimum in winter of 179 μg C l-1. Whatever the season, the presence of oysters 20 m-2 corresponding to on average 23 mg dry weight m-2 induced a significant decrease in > 5 μm protist abundance. On the contrary, planktonic organisms < 5 μm, such as Chlorophyta flagellates and bacteria, developed similarly in both ponds. It can be assumed that such a depletion in micro-sized protists was especially related to the grazing activity of C. gigas, which efficiently retains > 5 μm particles. In spring, oyster grazing triggered dramatic changes in the protist community by lowering the taxonomic diversity. In autumn and winter, the presence of oysters deeply influenced the taxonomic structure of the protist communities: > 5 μm protists could only develop in the control pond, whereas they were removed by filtration into the oyster pond; on the contrary, < 5 μm protists that were not retained, were favoured in the oyster pond. The set of results showed that hetero-mixotrophic protists represent an important potential resource in coastal ponds: flagellates > 5 μm were the main protist resource for C. gigas; ciliates represented the second resource with a substantial contribution in autumn; diatoms and dinoflagellates, though efficiently removed represented a weak carbon resource. Our study supports the hypothesis that oysters may access to the strong bacterioplanktonic production through hetero-mixotrophic protists, which would thus allow the transfer of carbon from the microbial loop towards C. gigas.

Keywords : trophic link coastal pond food source oysters Bivalve bacteria microbial food web protists

Autor: Christine Dupuy - Annie Pastoureaud - Mireille Ryckaert - Pierre-Guy Sauriau - Hélène Montanié -



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