Immigration as risk factor for non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts in adolescents in GermanyReportar como inadecuado

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Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health

, 9:34

New insights in non-suicidal self-injury: a condition for further study


BackgroundWhereas non-suicidal self-injury NSSI and suicide attempts SA are rather common among adolescents, the description of risk factors has often failed to take migration into perspective. Our study aimed to describe immigration status in adolescents with regards to their lifetime history of NSSI and SA.

MethodsWe carried out a population based study in a school community of ninth-graders N = 452, mean age 14.85, SD 0.58 in southern Germany. Data were collected via adolescent self report on sociodemographic variables and on NSSI and SA using the Self Harm Behavior Questionnaire.

ResultsAdolescents born outside Germany showed an elevated rate of a lifetime history of NSSI and SA. When compared to German adolescents without a family history of migration NSSI 19.16%, SA 3.24%, adolescents who were born in another country had an elevated risk for NSSI 42.86%, OR 3.36 and SA 17.86%, OR 6.78, which was higher than the risk of adolescents who had at least one parent who had emigrated from another country NSSI 30.08%, OR 2.46 and SA 8.94%, OR 4.45.

ConclusionOur findings should inform intervention services and prevention programs for NSSI and suicidality in youth. Adopting such programs to include culturally sensible modules could improve the outcome in ethnically diverse adolescents.

KeywordsNon-suicidal self-injury NSSI Suicide attempts Adolescents Immigration Migration  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Paul L Plener - Lara M Munz - Marc Allroggen - Nestor D Kapusta - Jörg M Fegert - Rebecca C Groschwitz


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