Cadmium Phytoremediation by Arundo donax L. from Contaminated Soil and WaterReport as inadecuate

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BioMed Research InternationalVolume 2013 2013, Article ID 324830, 9 pages

Research Article

Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad 22060, Pakistan

Department of Natural Resource Engineering and Management, University of Kurdistan Hewlêr, Kurdistan, Iraq

Department of Chemistry, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan

Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computer Sciences, KPK Agricultural University, Peshawar, Pakistan

Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Defence Road, Off Raiwind Road, Lahore, Pakistan

Received 14 November 2013; Revised 8 December 2013; Accepted 8 December 2013

Academic Editor: Fernando Barbosa Jr.

Copyright © 2013 Maria Sabeen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The potential of Arundo donax L. for phytoextraction of cadmium Cd from contaminated soil and water was probed. The plants were grown under greenhouse conditions in pots containing a nutrient solution or soil with increasing doses of Cd 0, 50, 100, 250, 500, 750, and 1000 μg L

for 21 days. The growth and physiology of plants were evaluated at the end of the experiment. The maximum Cd content in root was 300 μg g

during hydroponics experiments over 230 μg g

in soil experiment. Cd concentration in stem was 262 μg g

at 750 μg L

supplied Cd in hydroponics over 191.2 μg g

at 1000 in soil experiment. The maximum Cd concentration in leaves from hydroponics was 187 μg g

. Relatively low Cd uptake occurred during soil experiment with low translocation factor TF values. Both Bioaccumulation Factor BF and TF values for hydroponics were greater than 1. The IC50 values of ABTS and DPPH showed that both time and increasing Cd concentrations affected the production of antioxidants with lower half maximal inhibitory concentration IC50 value on the 21st days. A. donax showed better potential for Cd remediation of aquatic environments.

Author: Maria Sabeen, Qaisar Mahmood, Muhammad Irshad, Iftikhar Fareed, Afsar Khan, Farid Ullah, Jamshaid Hussain, Yousaf Hayat, a



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