Sociodemographic and delivery risk factors for developing postpartum depression in a sample of 3233 mothers from the Czech ELSPAC studyReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Psychiatry

, 17:104

Mood disorders

Abstract

BackgroundIn the postpartum period, certain groups of women are at a higher risk for developing depressive episodes. Several studies have described risk factors for developing postpartum depression PPD. However, these studies have used limited numbers of participants, and therefore the estimated prevalence of PPD varies greatly.

MethodsThe objective of this study is to identify the main risk factors for developing PPD by using data collected via the Czech version of the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood ELSPAC. This database provides a representative sample n = 7589 observed prospectively and a large amount of data on depressive symptoms and on biological, socioeconomic, and environmental factors.

The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale EPDS was used to screen for incidence of PPD. The affective pathology was examined at three time points: before delivery, 6 weeks after delivery, and 6 months after delivery.

ResultsThe prevalence of depressive symptoms before delivery was 12.8%, 6 weeks after delivery 11.8%, and 6 months after delivery 10.1%. The prevalence rates are based on women who completed questionnaires at all three time-points N = 3233.

At all three time points, the main risk factors for developing PPD identified as significant by both univariate and multivariate analysis were personal history of depressive episodes and mothers experiencing psychosocial stressors. Other risk factors occurring in both types of analysis were: family history of depression from expectant mother’s paternal side prenatal, mothers living without partners 6 weeks postpartum and feelings of unhappiness about being pregnant 6 months postpartum. Several protective factors were also observed: male child gender prenatal, primiparous mothers 6 months postpartum, and secondary education prenatal, only by multivariate analysis.

Significant risk factors found solely by univariate analysis were family history of depression in both parents of the expectant mother prenatal and 6 weeks postpartum, family history of depression from subject’s maternal side 6 months postpartum, unintentional pregnancy prenatal and 6 weeks postpartum, feelings of unhappiness about being pregnant prenatal and 6 weeks postpartum, primary education prenatal and 6 weeks postpartum, mothers who opted not to breastfeed 6 months postpartum and mothers living without partners prenatal and 6 months postpartum. Family savings were identified as protective factor prenatal and 6 months postpartum.

ConclusionsWe identified significant predictors of PPD. These predictors can be easily detected in clinical practice, and systematic screening can lead to identifying potentially at risk mothers. Since the risk is linked with experience of psychosocial stressors it seems that they might benefit from increased psychosocial support to prevent affective pathology.

KeywordsPostpartum depression PPD Risk factors ELSPAC EPDS Postpartum blues Mood disorders AbbreviationsELSPACEuropean Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood

EPDSEdinburgh postnatal depression scale

ICUIntensive care unit

OROdds ratio

PPDPostpartum depression

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Autor: Adam Fiala - Jan Švancara - Jana Klánová - Tomáš Kašpárek

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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