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BMC Psychiatry

, 17:244

Personality disorders and disorders of adult behavior


BackgroundImpulsivity is involved in numerous psychiatric and addictive disorders, as well as in risky behaviors. The UPPS-P scale highlights five complementary impulsivity constructs i.e., positive urgency, negative urgency, lack of perseverance, lack of premeditation, and sensation seeking that possibly work as different pathways linking impulsivity to other disorders. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Arab language short 20-item UPPS-P scale and to eventually validate it.

MethodsParticipants were recruited online through e-mail invitations. After online informed consent was obtained, the questionnaires the UPPS-P and the Compulsive Internet Use Scale CIUS were completed anonymously. The five dimensions of the Arab UPPS-P model were assessed in a sample of 743 participants.

ResultsAs in other linguistic assessments of the UPPS-P, confirmatory factor analysis showed the validity of a model with five different, but nonetheless interrelated, facets of impulsivity. A three-factor model with two higher order factors—urgency negative and positive and lack of conscientiousness lack of premeditation and lack of perseverance—and a third sensation seeking factor fit the data well, but to a lesser extent. The results suggested good internal consistency, with external validity shown from correlations between some of the UPPS-P components and a measure of addictive Internet use the CIUS.

ConclusionThe Arab short UPPS-P is a valid assessment tool with good psychometric properties and is suitable for online use.

KeywordsImpulsivity UPPS CIUS Internet addiction Validation AbbreviationsAGFIAdjusted goodness-of-fit index

CFIComparative fit index

CIUSCompulsive Internet Use Scale

dfDegrees of freedom

ECVIExpected cross-validation index

NFINormed fit index

NNFINon-normed fit index

RMSEARoot mean square error of approximation

S-UPPS-PShort version 20 items of the UPPS-P

UPPS-PAcronym for the Impulsive Behavior Scale with five 5 different facets of impulsivity: negative urgency, positive urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance and sensation seeking

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Autor: Ghada Bteich - Djamal Berbiche - Yasser Khazaal


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