Molecular Detection of Bladder Cancer by Fluorescence Microsatellite Analysis and an Automated Genetic Analyzing SystemReport as inadecuate

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TheScientificWorldJOURNAL - Volume 7 2007, Pages 1553-1557

Research Article

The Department of Urology Rambam Medical Center, Haifa, Israel

The Department of Genetics, Tamkin Human Molecular Genetics Research Facility, Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israeli Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

Received 4 June 2007; Revised 28 June 2007; Accepted 29 June 2007

Academic Editor: Joav Merrick

Copyright © 2007 Sarel Halachmi et al.


To investigate the ability of an automated fluorescent analyzing system to detect microsatellite alterations, in patients with bladder cancer. We investigated 11 with pathology proven bladder Transitional Cell Carcinoma TCC for microsatellite alterations in blood, urine, and tumor biopsies. DNA was prepared by standard methods from blood, urine and resected tumor specimens, and was used for microsatellite analysis. After the primers were fluorescent labeled, amplification of the DNA was performed with PCR. The PCR products were placed into the automated genetic analyser ABI Prism 310, Perkin Elmer, USA and were subjected to fluorescent scanning with argon ion laser beams. The fluorescent signal intensity measured by the genetic analyzer measured the product size in terms of base pairs. We found loss of heterozygocity LOH or microsatellite alterations a loss or gain of nucleotides, which alter the original normal locus size in all the patients by using fluorescent microsatellite analysis and an automated analyzing system. In each case the genetic changes found in urine samples were identical to those found in the resected tumor sample. The studies demonstrated the ability to detect bladder tumor non-invasively by fluorescent microsatellite analysis of urine samples. Our study supports the worldwide trend for the search of non-invasive methods to detect bladder cancer. We have overcome major obstacles that prevented the clinical use of an experimental system. With our new tested system microsatellite analysis can be done cheaper, faster, easier and with higher scientific accuracy.

Author: Sarel Halachmi, Michal Cohen, Raymond Szargel, and Nadin Cohen



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