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The Journal of Headache and Pain

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 247–253

First Online: 17 February 2012Received: 14 November 2011Accepted: 28 January 2012

Abstract

Background and objectiveCervicocephalic arterial dissection can cause both ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. However, spontaneous cervicocephalic arterial dissection presenting only with headache and neck pain has rarely been reported. The clinical features of patients with spontaneous cervicocephalic arterial dissection presenting only with headache and neck pain were investigated.

MethodsThe subjects were seven patients with spontaneous cervicocephalic arterial dissection with headache and neck pain alone who were admitted to our hospital during the past 3 years. The clinical features of these patients were investigated. The diagnosis of arterial dissection was based on the criteria of the Strategies Against Stroke Study for Young Adults in Japan.

ResultsThe age of the patients 3 males, 4 females ranged from 35 to 79 mean, 51.0 ± 16.2 years. Six patients had vertebral artery dissection, one had internal carotid artery dissection, and one had an association of vertebral and internal carotid artery dissection. With the exception of one patient, the headache and neck pain were unilateral. All patients with vertebral artery dissection complained of posterior cervical or occipital pain. In the cases of internal carotid artery dissection, one patient complained of temporal pain, and one patient with co-existing vertebral artery dissection complained of posterior cervical pain. The mode of onset was acute in five patients, thunderclap in one, and gradual and progressive in one. The pain was severe in all cases. Five patients complained of continuous pain, while two had intermittent pain. The quality of the pain was described as throbbing by five patients and constrictive by two. The headache and neck pain persisted for 1 week or longer in six of the seven patients.

ConclusionCervicocephalic arterial dissection should be suspected when patients complain of intense unilateral posterior cervical and occipital pain or temporal pain.

KeywordsSpontaneous cervicocephalic arterial dissection Headache Neck pain  Download fulltext PDF



Autor: Hajime Maruyama - Harumitsu Nagoya - Yuji Kato - Ichiro Deguchi - Takuya Fukuoka - Yasuko Ohe - Yohsuke Horiuchi - Tomohisa

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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