Effects of peripheral inflammation on the blood-spinal cord barrierReport as inadecuate

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Molecular Pain

, 8:44

First Online: 18 June 2012Received: 06 March 2012Accepted: 18 June 2012


BackgroundChanges in the blood-central nervous system barriers occur under pathological conditions including inflammation and contribute to central manifestations of various diseases. After short-lasting peripheral and neurogenic inflammation, the evidence is mixed whether there are consistent blood-spinal cord changes. In the current study, we examine changes in the blood-spinal cord barrier after intraplantar capsaicin and λ-carrageenan using several methods: changes in occludin protein, immunoglobulin G accumulation, and fluorescent dye penetration. We also examine potential sex differences in male and female adult rats.

ResultsAfter peripheral carrageenan inflammation, but not capsaicin inflammation, immunohistochemistry shows occludin protein in lumbar spinal cord to be significantly altered at 72 hours post-injection. In addition, there is also significant immunoglobulin G detected in lumbar and thoracic spinal cord at this timepoint in both male and female rats. However, acute administration of sodium fluorescein or Evans Blue dyes is not detected in the parenchyma at this timepoint.

ConclusionsOur results show that carrageenan inflammation induces changes in tight junction protein and immunoglobulin G accumulation, but these may not be indicative of a blood-spinal cord barrier breakdown. These changes appear transiently after peak nociception and may be indicative of reversible pathology that resolves together with inflammation.

KeywordsBlood-spinal cord barrier Capsaicin Carrageenan Spinal cord Occludin Lumbar Immunoglobulin Female Inflammation Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1744-8069-8-44 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Dimitris N Xanthos - Isabella Püngel - Gabriele Wunderbaldinger - Jürgen Sandkühler

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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