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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 13, Issue 8, pp 1539–1549

First Online: 04 April 2009Received: 29 November 2008Accepted: 12 March 2009


BackgroundOutcome and morbidity of redo antireflux surgery are suggested to be less satisfactory than those of primary surgery. Studies reporting on redo surgery, however, are usually much smaller than those of primary surgery. The aim of this study was to summarize the currently available literature on redo antireflux surgery.

Material and MethodsA structured literature search was performed in the electronic databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials.

ResultsA total of 81 studies met the inclusion criteria. The study design was prospective in 29, retrospective in 15, and not reported in 37 studies. In these studies, 4,584 reoperations in 4,509 patients are reported. Recurrent reflux and dysphagia were the most frequent indications; intraoperative complications occurred in 21.4% and postoperative complications in 15.6%, with an overall mortality rate of 0.9%. The conversion rate in laparoscopic surgery was 8.7%. Mean±SEM duration of surgery was 177.4 ± 10.3 min and mean hospital stay was 5.5 ± 0.5 days. Symptomatic outcome was successful in 81.1% and was equal in the laparoscopic and conventional approach. Objective outcome was obtained in 24 studies 29.6% and success was reported in 78.3%, with a slightly higher success rate in case of laparoscopy than with open surgery 85.8% vs. 78.0%.

ConclusionThis systematic review on redo antireflux surgery has confirmed that morbidity and mortality after redo surgery is higher than after primary surgery and symptomatic and objective outcome are less satisfactory. Data on objective results were scarce and consistency with regard to reporting outcome is necessary.

KeywordsGastro esophageal reflux disease Antireflux surgery Nissen fundoplication Dysphagia Reoperation  Download fulltext PDF

Autor: Edgar J. B. Furnée - Werner A. Draaisma - Ivo A. M. J. Broeders - Hein G. Gooszen


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